ALASHKAR, SOLOMON

ALASHKAR, SOLOMON (16th century), leader (çelebi) of Egyptian Jewry, who was also known by his title muʿallim ("master"). Alashkar was a wealthy trader and philanthropist who supported scholars and yeshivot in Ereẓ Israel and Egypt. In the 1560s a fierce feud broke out between him and R. Jacob ibn Tibbon, one of the foremost Egyptian rabbis, who insulted Alashkar. Rabbis joseph caro , moses di trani , and israel de curiel , all of Safed, were asked to make peace between them, but failed. Alashkar was one of those who helped to subsidize publication of the Shulḥan Arukh (Venice, 1565). When his fortunes changed and he was unable to meet his debts to the governor of Egypt, Hussein Pasha, the latter ordered Alashkar's execution (1583?); but he was saved because the governor himself was killed and, according to joseph sambari , Alashkar recovered financially. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Scheiber and M. Benayahu, in: Sefunot, 6 (1962), 127–134. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Sambari, Divrei Yosef (ed. S. Shtober, 1994), 417–18; A. David, To Come To the Land (1999), 46–47, 83, 195. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALASHKAR, JOSEPH BEN MOSES — (c. 1500), rabbinical author and Hebrew poet. A victim of the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Alashkar settled in Tlemcen (Algeria) where he became the head of a yeshivah. He was a fertile writer, but none of his works was published. They include… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LEVY-BACRAT, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (late 15th–16th century), poet of Spanish origin. Bacrat took refuge in North Africa in 1492. In his native town of Malaga he had been a disciple of Judah Gabbai, to whom he dedicated several poems. At first he settled in tlemcen , together with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • OTTOMAN EMPIRE — OTTOMAN EMPIRE, Balkan and Middle Eastern empire started by a Turkish tribe, led by ʿUthmān (1288–1326), at the beginning of the 14th century. This entry is arranged according to the following outline: sources …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KABBALAH — This entry is arranged according to the following outline: introduction general notes terms used for kabbalah the historical development of the kabbalah the early beginnings of mysticism and esotericism apocalyptic esotericism and merkabah… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • EGYPT — EGYPT, country in N.E. Africa, centering along the banks of the River Nile from the Mediterranean coast southward beyond the first cataract at Aswan. The ancient Egyptians named their land Kemi, the Black Land, while the neighboring Asiatic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • History of responsa — in Judaism spans a period of 1,700 years. Responsa constitute a special class of rabbinic literature, differing in form , but not necessarily in content, from Rabbinic commentaries devoted to the exegesis of the Bible, the Mishnah, the Talmud,… …   Wikipedia

  • AGUNAH — (Heb. עֲגוּנָה; lit. tied, cf. Ruth 1:13), married woman who for whatsoever reason is separated from her husband and cannot remarry, either because she cannot obtain a divorce from him (see divorce ), or because it is unknown whether he is still… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TAKKANOT HA-KAHAL — (Heb. תַּקָּנוֹת הַקָּהָל). Legal Aspects THE CONCEPT The Takkanot ha Kahal embrace that part of legislation in Jewish law which is enacted by the public or its representatives in contradistinction to the takkanot enacted by a halakhic authority …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LITERATURE, JEWISH — Literature on Jewish themes and in languages regarded as Jewish has been written continuously for the past 3,000 years. What the term Jewish literature encompasses, however, demands definition, since Jews have lived in so many countries and have… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.